Flag of Serbia
Flag of Serbia-Kwoci Sayrweyya(塞爾維亞國旗)

Serbia(塞爾維亞)smmalu patas

 
File:Coat of arms of Serbia.svg-Kwohwey.(國徽)

Gaga kska Owcow ka Serbia, 44 00 N, 21 00 E ka gaga na nniqan. Kana ka knlbangan na o 77,474 sq km(hangan na o Tg117) (knlbanga dxgal o 77,474 sq km, knlbangan qsiya o 0 sq km). Kana ka sejiqun o niqan 7,143,921 hiyi. Gaga Belgrade ka pusu alang paru, jiyax 15 idas 2 ka jiyax skrayan klwaan. Manu ka dxgal Serbia ga wada sugan 57.90% ka dxgal qpahan, 31.60% ka dxgal bbuyu, rahuq dxgal do niqan 10.50% na.

Bukung klwaan ta sayang o kiya ka Tomislav Nikolić, pnaah hngkawas2012 idas 5 jiyax 31pnrajing kmlawa klwaan.

 
File:Europe-Serbia.svg-Ida nkiya nniqan lnglingay.(自然地理位置)

cinkhulan sa knita’ sa brbiru’

Sayrweyya(塞爾維亞)smmalu patas

Sayrweyya-knghkwo ( kari Sayrweyya : Република Србија/Republika Srbija ), tnhangal Sayrweyya kana ( kari Sayrweyya : Србија/Srbija ), kika kingal klwaan Prkang-pangtaw, gaga nniq hraan hidaw Ocow, parkan-pangtaw ska na neylu klwaan, Mongtneyklwo, posniya ni hsaykweyna, klwoaysiya, syongyali, lwomaniya, pawcyaliya, peymacitwen duri ni arpaniya pslutuc uri.

Ris(歷史)smmalu patas

Pusu nkari :Endaan Sayrweyyasmmalu patas

Tna gaga nniq brah hngkawas maspac rima kbkuy ,pusu alang sayrweyya ka peyrkle( mnsuwy tnhangan Prklayt ) tna niqan ka burah qyyqaya ni gaya sbiyaw,dha jiyax knbaraw sayan nii hngkawas mataru kmxalan kbkuy,tna niqan ka breenux alang nii siida paru bi alang Ocow kiya.kongyueynmataru~epitu sci, Nansla fujen na kingal sejiq Sayrweyya nniq Parkan – pantaw-sawa gsilugtruma na hunac dhuq Yatli gsilug hhiya.

Slafu seejiq nii kongyueyn maspac sci siida miyax Sayrweyya sayan, duri nii Paycanti klwaan siida priyux Toncen pnrhulan ka shlayan dha, nii Pcngtin na Takon. mngari sci congyey Pawcyaliya-tgkingal klwaan mrmux alang Sayrweyya, hngkawas mngri kbkuy empusal empitu Sayrweyya nii psdyyagan Paycantin sdhiyaq Pawcyaliya kika Paycantin pqlahan, brah bi niqan hangan klwaan“ Sayrweyya”ka maxal sci Conyey kika Caslafu.kalwonimilwoweyci ( kari sayrweyya : Кнез Часлав Клонимировић, Lahwa : Ča丁slav Klonimirović ) pnhiyu.

Hngkawas maxal kingal mataru kmxalan mngari Stfan.nimanya mangan, hngkawas maxal kingal kbkuy mngari kmxalan murux ka Paycantin, hngkawas maxal dha kbkuy maxal empitu tnbukun, hngkawas maxal tru kbkuy mtrun Stfan. wlwosrs ini dha baka ka Bawcyaliya-tirtikwo ni ngalan dha quli. maxal spac sci Cngyey na Sahwanstfan. tusan( hngkawas maxal tru kbkuy mtrul kingal ~ maxal tru kbkuy mrimal rima ) siida nii dna psaun baraw bi ni pslaban ddaun ka Sayrweyya klwaan mangan ( Stfan.tusanfatyeyn ).

Euman-tikwo nii maxal spac sci bukuy prajin na qhlangun ka Prkan-Pngtaw, kika hngkawas maxal tru kbkuy maspac kmxalanmngari nii Kswowo psbu siida ini baka ka sejiq Sayrweyya (gisu mrudu ka psbu sayan ), dhuq maxal rima scimo,Etuman-tikwo o gisu dha ini baka ka Sayrweyya da. prajin klwaan dhuq rima sci.

Hngkawas maxal mngari kbkuy maxal spac jiyax empusal maspc idas mataru, Sayrweyya qmlahan bi alang na risaw Cyafulijwo. Pulingsipu nniq nganguc Saylayyefu dmuyi Polangning M1900 puniq cjyuku smbu empitu puniq, gaga dha buun ka gisu psilin Saylayyefu ka Awsyonti bukun Folangc. feytinan ni qrijil na Swofey. Jiyax empusal maspac idas empitu, yasa saw nii ka neuda dha psbu ka dha Sayrweyya, kiya ka kiya ni tgkingal psbu paru ka babaw dxgan. hngkawas maxal mngari kbkuy maxal spac ini na baka ka mntru miyah krmux Sayrweyya ka Awsyonti klwaan, hngkawas maxal mngari kbkuy maxal rima, Tongmong klwaan ( kana Awsyong klwaan,

Hngkawas maxal mngari kbkuy maxal maspac. Ini baka ka Tongmong klwaan, tduwa miyah ka Sayrweyya. Ida nanaq idas maxal dha, Sayrweyya, siyaw alang Montneyklwo ni ida nanaq Awsyong klwaan ka kmlahan Slwoweyniya, Klwoaysiya, Posniya, foifotina mseupu phiyu sejiq Sayrweyya, sejiq Klwoaysiya ni sejiq Slwoweyniya alang bukun, Nanslafu alang bukun uri.

 
File:Novi Sad Petroleum Refinery Serbia 1999 Kosovo War.jpg-Nniqan Asoring Sayrweyya .塞爾維亞的戰備儲油基地

Sayrweyya nii hngkawas maxal mspac kbkuy spac nihngkawas maxal maspc kbkuy maxal rima kska siida mangan mkala bi ka qmlahan nanaq. Hngkawas maxal maspac kbkuy empitu kmxalan maspac, Sayrweyya jiyagan Ekwo siida gisu mangan murux da, hngkawas maxal maspc kbkuy maspac kbkuy dha phiyu alang bukun, duma alangkika ska Sayrweyya sayan. hngkawas maxal mngari kbkuy maxal brah tgkingal Parkan psbu ni tgdha Parkan psbu siida, alang Srweyya mquri hunac pslaban, klwaan dha ka breenux Kswowo, saw breenux Macitwen-konghkwo sayan uri, kiya ka kiya ni daya breenux Foifotina siida qhlangan Awsyongtikwo, ini nniq ruwan alang Sayrweyya klwaan.

 
File:SerbiaPoliticalDivision.png-Singcng- cyuhwa Sayrweyya (塞爾維亞行政區劃)



 
File:Serbia relations.PNG-Mniq saw kana klwaan knlangan ka Kesorwo o,(mqalux ) Sayrweyya. 科索沃的國際地位(黑色)塞爾維亞(藍色)認為科索沃是塞爾維亞一部分的國家和地區(紅色)承認科索沃為獨立的國家和地區
 
File:UuB Philosophy 01.jpg-Paru sapah pyasan Peyrkele.(貝爾格勒大學)
 
File:M-84AS1 01.jpg-M-84-Rulu empsaping M-84.(軍戰車M-84)


 
File:Дом Народне Скупштине Србије.jpg-Kmlawa qmpah klwaan sapah Sayrweyya (塞爾維亞國會大廈)


Tgparu bi alang Sayrweyya(塞爾維亞最大城市排名)
 
File:NoviBG Nov30 2005.jpg
Beyrkele 貝爾格勒
 
File:Novi Sad City Hall.jpg
Sinsade 新沙德
 
File:Ниш 32.JPG
Nis 尼什
 
File:Night-view-on-city-hall1.jpg
Kelakuyeywac 克拉古耶瓦茨
 
File:Serbian 塞爾維亞語拉丁字母表(上)和塞爾維亞西里爾字母表(下)

Tgdha psbu paru babaw dxgal siida, mtru yahan mspis ka Nangslafu, kana ssiyaw klwaan Sila o mseupu cosin klwaan.

Hngkawas maxan mngari kbkuy mspatul rima, Sulyeyn-hongcyun.

Musa ruwan Nanslafu, titwo dmayaw sida ni dhiya ka paru bi empqlahan kleaan, phiyu Koncan-cui klwaan Nslafu-sehwey cui lyeyn pang-konhkwo (Nan lyeyn pan ), ana kiya hngkawas maxal mngari kbkuy masptul maspac pnaqih ka Nanlyeyn pan ni sulyeyn. hngkawasmaxal mngri kbkuy mataru kmxalan kingal Titwo ni bukun Ayci Nihlu msupu phiyu Pucyeymonyun yunton. Nanslafu sehwey cui lyeynpan konhkwo ni titwo pdudu siida, puda Sehey cui ngalan hbangan, psparu qmita mseupu asi smkingan lnglungan klwaan alang. Saw nii sida Tonow koncan cui kwo o Nanslafu klwaan ka thngayan bi hbangan.

Bukuy hngkaws maxal mngari kbkuy mspac kmxalan meydan ka Ttwo, prajil mrudu ka seejiq, dhuq hici hngkawas maxan mngari kbkuy mngari kmxalan mkgayaw ka Nanslafu. mataru ka cyamon konhkwo Nanslafu o niqan spac ka wada murux. Bukuy hngkawas maxal mngari kbkuy mngari dha, tengari Sayrweyya ni Montneyklwo dha klwaan, prajil phiyu Nanslafu leynmon konghkwo ( Nanleynmon ). prajil phiyu Nanslafu leynmon konghkwo ( Nanleynmon ). hngkawas maxal mngari kbkuy mngari kmxalan mngri, Sayrweyya konghkwo nneyq ska Kswowo psbu siida gisu buun Peyyuey, psbu o gqiyan hidaw hiya ka embiyax ni dhiya ka pklawa Kswowo.

hngkawas empusal kbkuy empitu jiyax maxal kingal idas kingal. Sayrweyya konhkwo muda murux do prajil Ihwey pgaaw. Sayrweyya cicintang nneyq dha kbkuy mrimal lngan siida mangan maspac kmxalan kingal lngan, Mincutan mataru kmxalan spac,Sayrweyya mincutan-sin Sayrweyya tan lyeynmon mspatul empitu lngan, Sayrweyya minjen tan maxal mngari lngan,Sayrweyya sehwey tan maxal mataru lngan, Sayrweyya cyo mincutan ka pusu pgaaw lyeynmon maxal rima lngan, duri maspac isi kika rima hgalan sejiq centan ni pgaaw lyeynmon pseasug.

duri Sayrweyya konghkwo hunac Kswowo ni Meytwosiya ccsen kndadax hngkawas maxal mngari kbkuy mngari kmxalan mngari mhdu ka psbu Kswowo, kika ini klwayiSayrweyya konghkwo da, kiya ka kiya ni lyeynhkwo ka sblaiq qmlahan dxgal hiya, Lyeynhkwo Kswowo tnais pqpah tancyu tpaytwan tnais pqlahan. hngkawas empusal kbkuy mataru jiyax empusl idas dha, psilin niqan ini aaw ka Kswowo. hngkawas empusal kbkuy maspac jiyax maxal empitu idas dha, rmngaw nanaq murux ka Kswowo ida Kswowo konghkwo.

地理smmalu patas

nniqan lnglingaysmmalu patas

Nniq alang Prkan pantaw ka Sayrweya han, sngun Nanslafu ga hngkawas maxal mngari kbkuy mngari kmxalan cyeyti ni hngkawas empusal kbkuy mataru Montneyklwo ni hngkawas empusal kbkuy maspac kswowo murux priyux Neylu kwo.


Egu ka ttudu dgiyaq Sayrweyya. hraanhidaw, gqiyan hidaw psnakan Stala dgiyaq ni tinala dgiyaq plutuc, pspuwan Twonawhe beenux ka gqiyan hidaw Fiftina breenux, thngayan yayung, malu dxgal, hunac egu dgiyaq,ttudug pspuwan Kswowo penti ni meytwosiya penti. nniqan baraw bi Sayrweyya ka Arpaniya ni Kswowo siyaw Cyalaweyca dgiyaq, haypa empusal mataru kbkuy mrimal tru mi.

Mstrun yayung Sawa, yayung Tisa ka yayung Twonaw do, mquri siyaw hraan hidaw qluli, kika qluli dhuq yayung Lwomaniya, kingal uri o qluli hunac yayung Tamwolawa. Egu ka meuxul karac alang Sayrweyya, mskuy misan mcilux rbagan, bncingan quyux qsiya rima kbkuy mrimal ~ empitu kmxalan mrimal hawmi. Knrbagan: 88361 pingfan konli ( kana Kswowo )

Uuda mklawa (行政區劃)smmalu patas

Sayrweyya konhkwo Kswowo,foifotina dha ccsen, quri falyu o Kswowo o yasa Sayrweyya konghkwo duma kiya, bukuy psbu ida Lyeynhkwo ka pklawa Kswowo,kiya ni hngkawas empusal kbkuy maspac jiyax maxal empitu idas dha rmngaw kari murux nanaq ka dhiya, duma alang Sayrweyya konhkwo tnhangan “congSayrweyya”ana saw kiya ka alang ini pntna ka uuda.

Sayrweyya konhkwo sugan empusal mngari co ni kingal csyas, ruwan na hiya rima cow Kswowo (gisu murux ), Fuyfotina empitu cow ( mklawa nanaq ), Cong Sayrweyya maxal empitu coe, wana pusu alang Peyyrkle ka csyas. Sugan duri ka cowsya, kana klwaas niqan kingal kbkuy maspac, duma Kswowo niqan mtrul alang,Fuifotina niqan mrimal spac alang.

Sayrweyya kndadax congSayrweyya, Kswowo ni fuifotina sgan kana empsal mngari cow, csyas Prkle dhiya ka pnsli, duma na hiya cong Sayrweyya tduwa qmita alang sugan Sumatiya ni gqiyan hidaw Sayrweyya ni hraan hidaw Sayrweyya dha alang, Cow ni Csyas tduwa sugan kingal kbkuy mrimal syeyn ni empusal spac alanf. Ana saw rmngaw ka Sayrweyya gisu nnia ruwan alang dh aka kswowo konghkwo, yasa kndadax hngkawas maxal mngri kbkuy mngari kmxalan mngari gisu ini pklawa Sayrweyya ka alang Lswowo da, kiya ka kiya ni hngkawas empusal kbkuy maspac ida murux nanaq ka alang dha.

Waycyaw (外交)smmalu patas

pnegluban Congkwosmmalu patas

Sayrweyya brah hang o Nangslafu srwaun phiyu Conghwa jenmin konghkwo, kika bukuy qnaqih ka Sunang do, mquri Sulyeyn ka Conghwa jenming konghkwo, ida tkiisu ka pnegluban dha klwaan nii. Hngkawas maxal mngari mrimal rima jiyax sha idas kingal ana mseupu ka dha klwaan nii, ida psltu bi ka pnegluban dha, kiya ni hngkawas maxal mngari kbkuy mrimal maspac yasa Nanslafu prtun na ka Sulyeyn kiya ka mangan bi brah ka Kwoci kongcan cui yunton endaan nii ga pqnaqih duri, dhuq bi hngkawas maxal mngari kbkuy empitu kmxalan empitu Nangslafu bukun Titwo miyah conghwa bukuy do malu ka pnegluban dha da. Congkwo nii o gaga Peyrkle hiya niqan paru sapah, kika smalu kingal qpahun sapah saw Pulistina. Sayrweyya o niqan paru bi sapah daw Peycin, kiya ka kiya ni Sanhay hiya smalu kingal Conlin skwan. Conghwa jenmin kanghkwo nii Kswowo psbu siida dmayaw Nangslafu lyeynmon konghkwo, mhtur Peyyuey psbu Nangslafu[7][8], ida msaan bi ka quri Meycyun snub Congkwo cu Nang lyeynmong taskwan [9] Congkwo mhtur Peyyuey muuda ddaun Kswowo, lnglungun dha o iyux pgayaw ka Sicang ni Singcyang[10]

pnegluban Owmongsmmalu patas

sayan, Sayrweyya gisu mbbiyax muuda mseupu Owcow leyngmong, ysa quri Owmong ktaan dha ka Sayrweyya egu bi ka pnqtaan uuda, ska na hini pusu ddaun Sayrweyya asi ka psrwaun murux ka Kswowo, uxay kiya uri o dha Kswowo pkmalu ka pnegluban dha. sayan Sayrweyya ini sruwa psaw nii, kika ini lnglung hari mseupu leyngmong. Ana saw kiya prajil hngkawas empusal kbkuy maxal spac, Sayrweyya qulun bi sruwa pkmalu ka pnegluban Kswowo da, wada brah hari ka quri mseupu Leyngmong, kiya ka kiya ni Sayrweyya psmiyah bi saw brah hngkawas empusal kbkuy empusal tduwa mseupu Owmong, kika Owmong uri o “ ini saw uxay bi psruwa uri.

pnegluban Kswowosmmalu patas

hngkawas empusal kmxalan maspac idas maxal empitu idas dha, kndadax Sayrweyya ka muruxo ida Kswowo nanaq ka rnngaw, phiyu Kswowo konghkwo. Sayrweyya konghkwo, Elwos, Elwos, conghwa jengmin konghkwo, Ar ni liya, Mwolwok, Sila, Mwosik, Yueynan,Lwomaniya, Uklang, Sipanya, Ingtu, Psi, Nayciliya, Nanfey, Akntin, Payelwos, Palestan, Poliweyya klwaan nii o ida ini psruwa murux ka Kswowo. Sayrweyya nii o ida gisu mhtur Kswowo msupu hbaraw Kwocicuc. Kswowo konghkwo sayan o uxay uxay Leynhkwo cnyueynkwo. Sayan niqan kingal kbkuy ka Lhkwo cnyueynkwo, Martaciskwo, Taywan [11], Nyoayci niKukcuyntaw o sruwa pmurux ka Kswowo. Ana saw kiya , yasa kndadax pixan paru bi kndadax Elwos ni conghwa jnmin konghkwo, ida pncikuh lnglungun mseupu Leynhkwo cnyueyn kwo ka Kswowo. [12]

Sayrweyya hini o yasa ppsruwa pmurux nanaq Kswowo ka klwaan o muda saw pbnahun ka Tas ppuda ka dhiya. Kiya ka klwaan nii ga kana Meyykwo, Rrpaniya, Pawcyaliya, Macitwen konghkwo, Klwenpiya, Klwoaysiya, fakwo, tkwo, siyonyali, Turci, Slwoweyniya ni Inkwo.

Kmlawa(政治)smmalu patas

Ihwey(議會)smmalu patas

Muda iyueync

Bukun ni Conli (總統及總理)smmalu patas

Bukun kndadax sejiq asi pgau bukung, pqpah rima hnkawas, tduwa dmutuc qmpah enkingal, ciway ka jiyun na qqpahun, pgau conli asi ka hbaraw Kwoxwey dmayaw, kika conton pqlahan, niqan paru bi djiyun na qqhlangun.

Uuda psaping(軍事)smmalu patas

Hngkawas maxal mngari kbkuy mngari kmxalan mngari Sayrweyya kongh cyun ga kska Kswowo siida wada buun bali Peyyuey, psbu siida gqiyan hidaw mbbiyax nii hici pqlahan Kswowo.

Ssjiqan ni shlayang(人口和宗教)smmalu patas

Kana ssjiqan klwaan empitu kbuhug ( hngkawas empusal kbkuy maxal mngari ) gaga ini biyaw mlih ka ssjiqan Sayrweyya, yasa sncikuh tnquli lqlaqi ni thjing ising alang ka ssjiqan kiya ka pusu bi. kika kska tnpusu seejiq Sayrweyya ka sejiqan Sayrweyya, duma hgalan seejiq ka sejiq Arpaniya, sejiq Syonyali, sejiq Posniak, ( seejiq Muslin ), seejiq Lwomu, sejiq Klwoaysiya, seejiq Slwofak, seejiq Pawcyaliya, seejiq Lwomaniya, seejiq Turci dnii. Kska na hiya, Kswowo ka pusu nniqan seejiq Arpaniya ( kndadax hngkawas empusal kbkuy maspac ida pmurux nanaq ), Foifutina ccseng ka pusu nniqan seejiq Syonyali, kiya ka kiya ni hbaraw ka ini nniq hini. hbaraw ka Sayrweyya shlayan dha o pnrhulan Toncyaw, duma seejiq ini kpiya shlayan dha ka pnrhulan Islang, pnrhulan Teyncu.

Kari(語言)smmalu patas

Quri skari Sayrweyya o kari Sayrweyya, kiya ka tnkari Srweyya - Klwoaysiya, maspac kmxalan maspac tnegkmbkiyan ssjiqan Sayrweyya skari dnii. Kana klwaan Owcow o ida Sayrweyya ka gisu skari dha kari nii, btasan Silir ni btasan Latin tduwa dha djiyun. Kari Sayrweyya ni patas Silir ka djiyun klwaan dha.

Ini kpiya skari dha kari kika kari Syonyali, kari Slwofak, kari Arpaniya, kari Lwomaniya, Pawcyaliya ni kari Lusenniya, kana kari Sayrweyya – kari Klwoaysiya: Kari Posniya ni kari Klwoaysiya. Kana mtna ciway ssjiqan mhrinas alang maxal rima tnegkmbkiyan, dnii ka tnkari dha.

Cingci(經濟)smmalu patas

Pusu ptasan : Hbangan Sayrweyyasmmalu patas

Hbangan Sayrweyya konghkwo pusu qpahun dha ka fuuyey.

Hngkawas empusal kbkuy maspac ngngalan dha kana mataru kmxalan mataru, ssmalu qpahun ni qpahun dxgal mangan 24.2 tnegkmbkiyan ni 12.3 tnegkmbkiyan. Ida saw sayan hbangan Sayrweyya dha Consio ni duma Parkanpan taw ( saw Klwoaysiya, Lwomaniya, Slwoweyniya ) o naqih kiya, kiya ka kiya ida malu ka Arpanuya ni Mortwowa.

Tiyu (體育)smmalu patas

hngkawas dnii o malu bi ensaan dha pspun wancya ka Sayrweyya konghkwo, kana kingal snaw murux pspun hiya ka mangan tgkingal knlangan Nwowak,tyueykweyci, kingal uri o qrijil musa murux pspun mangan tgkingan knlangan Angna.Iwangnwoweyci, brah o qrijil mangan tgkingal knlangan Yeylayna.Yankweyci, Yank.Tipusaleyweyci, meseupu pspun dha snaw mangan tgkingan knlangan Neynat.

Cimwonici dnii. Sayrweyya o boru ka spuan dha bi sspun, snparu bi qmita Owcow ka quri boru Sayrweyya klwaan, nian bi hangan pspun boru kika mnangan brah Incawpanpa Manlyeyn o weytici, sayan embiyax muda Manlyeyn na Mati, embiyax muda Icyacinlyu kwoci Milan ka Stankweyci ni Feyneypacyey na Klasici, embbiyax muuda brah cyeyrsi na Iwangnwoweyci dnii. quri       paycyo Sayrweyya qrijil hngkawas empsal kbkuy maxal maspac mangan tgkingal scingsay, hngkawas empusal kbkuy maxal mataru Liyueyjejeneylu yunton hwey yacyun ni hngkawas empusal kbkuy maxal rima qrijil mangan scyey pey yacyun, sayan o tgtru hangan knlangan. ciban niqan mrireyh hangan knlangan ka Pwoskweyci, Mihailwoweyci, Lsici ni Awcyeynyeynnwoweyci.

Nkari pnegluban(相關條目)smmalu patas

• Nangslafu

• Paru Sayrweyya

Pnyahan bnatas(參考資料)smmalu patas

  1. CIA
  2. 外交部
  3. List of current heads of state and government
  4. https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/塞尔维亚(參考自中文維基百科)
  5. ^ 存檔副本[2015-03-03]
  6. ^ The World Factbook: Serbia中情局[2014-12-18]
  7. ^ Official population projection for Serbia (2016)[2016-01-07]原始內容
  8. ^ 移至:4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 SerbiaInternational Monetary Fund[2016-06-10]
  9. ^ Country Comparison :: Distribution of Family Income – Gini Index[2014-08-30]
  10. ^ Human Development Report 2019
  11. ^ Warren I. Cohen. America's response to China: a history of Sino-American relations. 5th edition. New York, New York, USA; West Sussex, England, UK: Columbia University Press, 2010. Pp. 261.
  12. ^ Suisheng Zhao. Chinese foreign policy: pragmatism and strategic behavior. New York, New York, USA: M. E. Sharpe, Inc., 2004. Pp. 60.
  13. ^ Warren I. Cohen. America's response to China: a history of Sino-American relations. 5th edition. New York, New York, USA; West Sussex, England, UK: Columbia University Press, 2010. Pp. 261.
  14. ^ Suisheng Zhao. Chinese foreign policy: pragmatism and strategic behavior. New York, New York, USA: M. E. Sharpe, Inc., 2004. Pp. 60.
  15. ^ 中華民國外交部-國家與地區
  16. ^ Rift Emerges at the United Nations Over Kosovo
  17. ^ PROTEST CONVEYED TO FRANCE, BRITAIN, COSTA RICA, AUSTRALIA, ALBANIA,存檔於網際網路檔案館(存檔 index
  18. ^ I Kinezi napuštaju Srbiju 6.^ 存檔副本[2016-12-17]
  19. ^ Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, a Grammar: With Sociolinguistic CommentaryISBN 978-0-299-21193-6
  20. ^ Application of the Charter in Serbia